NUSRAT MINE LAYER
Nusrat Mine Layer played a pivotal role in the Naval Victory of Çanakkale on March 18, 1915, laying 26 mines in an unexpected position. She, under the command of Lieutenant Hakkı Bey, laid those mines parallel to the coast of Erenköy Bay very secretly on the morning of 8 March 1915.
On 18 March 1915, the Allied Navy began its advance towards Çanakkale Straits. The ships of Allied Navy, maneuvering after gun fire from the Turkish shore batteries hit the mines laid by Nusret. She also sank HMS OCEAN and HMS IRRESISTABLE and the French battleship BOUVET. The Allied Navy’s GAULOIS, SUFFREN and INFLEXIBLE battleships were also badly damaged.
Not achieving to pass through Çanakkale Straits, the British and the French started a landing operation which would last till 20 January 1916. Nusret Mine Layer, one of the most notable ships in Ottoman naval history, was decommissioned in 1955. She was restored by the Municipality of Tarsus and opened as a museum ship in 2003.
A replica of Nusret was built by the Naval Forces Command in order to be displayed in Çimenlik, Çanakkale. The model still serves as a museum. “Nusrat”, original name of the ship, is mostly used as “Nusret.”
|Name of the ship||Nusret Mine Layer|
|Built||Germany / 1911|
|Engine||2x3 Cyc. Vertical Engines, 2 Propellers|
|Length Beam and Draught||40 x 7.5 x 3.4 m|
|Weapons||2x4.7 cm fire gun, 40 mines|
“Muavenet-i Milliye” was a famous destroyer which actively defended the straits during Ottoman-Italian War in 1911-1912. She also attended Balkan Wars in the years 1912 and 1913. In 1914, she participated in the bombardment of Russian ports, particularly the port of Odessa. The destroyer” Gayret-i Vataniye” also joined the bombardment together with her.
Muavenet-i Milliye, commanded by Lieutenant Commander Ahmet Bey, is most notable for sinking the British pre-dreadnought battleship “Goliath” during Çanakkale Campaign in World War I. On the night of 13 May 1915, Muavenet-i Milliye sent Goliath torpedoes, one of which hit the bridge, the second hit the funnel and the third one the stern, which resulted in sinking of her.
|Name of the ship||Muavenet-i Milliye|
|Built||Germany / 1909|
|Engine||2 Turbines, 17.700 SHP., 2 Propellers|
|Length Beam and Draught||74 x 7.9 x 3 m|
|Weapons||2x 75 mm., 2 x 57 mm. gun, 3 x 450 mm.TT|
Hamidiye, a hero ship in Ottoman naval history, is mostly identified with Rauf Orbay. Commanded by him, Hamidiye cruiser executed a 7 month assault operation to separate the Greek Navy during the most dark days of Balkan Wars in the Aegean and the Mediterranean Sea. The operation did not have positive results on the Balkan Wars, but was highly regarded by the seamen throughout the world.
After the proclamation of the republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk went on a tour of the Black Sea with Hamidiye between 11-21 September 1924. He wrote the following in the ship’s Book of Honor:
As the sea is an important and vital part of the borders of the Turkish Republic, the Navy must also be important and great. Only then will the Turkish Republic be confident and secure. To possess an excellent and powerful Turkish Fleet is our goal. Rather than acquiring warships at this stage, our starting point for such a fleet should be training commanders, officers and specialists who can successfully command, lead and control these warships.
Hamidiye cruiser also served as a training ship. The stern mast is now preserved at Gölcük Naval Base. Related materials are exhibited in Beşiktaş Naval Museum and the headquarters of North Sea Area Command.
|Name of the ship||Hamidiye Cruiser|
|Built||England / 1903|
|Engine||Steam, 2x VTE 4 Cylinder|
|Length Beam and Draught||112 x 14.5 x 4.8 m|
|Weapons||2 x 150, 8 x 120, 2 x 47, 6 x 37 mm guns, 3x 450 mm torpedo tubes|
Alemdar, Danish-flagged salvage tug, was seized by the Ottoman Empire during the World War I. She was renamed “Alemdar” and began to serve for the Ottoman Empire. Her homeport became İstanbul. She played an active role while rescuing the ship Yavuz which had run ashore in Nara, 1916.
During nationalists’ struggle for independence, the main supply route was the Black Sea. As there is not sufficient transportation facility, Anatolian Government needed available ships that could carry load of supplies in Anatolia. At that time Alemdar salvage tug became legendary.
On the night of 23 January 1921, Alemdar was escaped from İstanbul in spite of Allied Navy’s forces by the efforts of Osman Efendi of Üsküdar, the third chief engineer of Alemdar, and she was brought to Ereğli. The French took control of the ship and while directing her to İstanbul, the crew overtook the French soldiers by surprise, redirecting the ship back to Karadeniz Ereğli. After a while Alemdar sailed to Trabzon and assumed invaluable services.
Alemdar ship is best known for this victorious engagement with the Allied forces during the Turkish War of Independence. She had a very positive influence over both the Turkish public and the armed forces that independence was not unattainable. She was then sold to Turkish Maritime Lines, returning to her civilian service in 1924.
|Name of the ship||Alemdar Salvage Tug|
|Built||Denmark / 1899|
|Length Beam and Draught||49.5 x7.9 X 3.9 m|
SULTANHİSAR TORPEDO BOAT
Sultanhisar Torpedo boat, commanded by Lieutenant Ali Rıza Bey, is best known for her action during the Çanakkale Campaign of World War I as she neutralized and captured the crew of Australian submarine AE-2 before sinking of her. This is very significant as a torpedo boat for the first time executed an operation of antisubmarine warfare. Sultanhisar was decommissioned in 1918 and commissioned again in 1924. Decommissioned again in 1928, it was broken up after 7 years.
|Name of the ship||Sultanhisar Torpedo Boat|
|Built||France / 1906|
|Length Beam and Draught||40.2x 38.0 x 1.9 m|
|Weapons||2 x 3.7’ guns|